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The ITALIAN CARCANO RIFLE
GENERAL INFORMATION CARCANO CARBINES OSWALD'S RIFLE
MODEL 1891 RIFLE MODEL 1891 CARBINE MODEL 1891TS
MODEL 1891/24 TS MODEL 1891/28 TS MODEL 1891/38 SHORT RIFLE
MODEL 1891/41 MODEL 1938/43 MODEL 38 SHORT RIFLE SNIPER
  MODEL 1891/41 Target  
The standard Italian rifle of the Great War was adopted in 1891. It was fed with a 6-round clip. The clip was a Mannlicher design and the breech block assembly was designed by an Italian gunsmith named Carcano. While it is looked down upon by some devotees of the "finer" rifles, it was a rugged weapon that didn't foul up easily and withstood hard treatment. Its smaller cartridges [Cal. 6.5x52 mm vs. 7.92 mm Mauser] meant a soldier could carry more rounds and its clip held 6 rounds vs. 5 per clip for almost all rifles of the other belligerents. It's length [140 cm, 160 cm with the bayonet] was designed for an obsolete method of warfare, allowing an infantryman to fend off the lance or saber of a mounted cavalryman. Since it proved to be clumsy in the tight confines of the trenches, a carbine version called the 'moschetto' adapted from the carbine version used by the cavalry was also given to special troops, carabinieri [MP's], officers, NCOs and Arditi [shock troops]. Both carbines fired the same cartridge the rifle did, indeed they were just shortened versions of the rifle. Both had a turned down bolt handle rather than a straight one. The cavalry version had a built in folding bayonet while the infantry adaptation had a detachable one and a longer wood stock. 


This rifle is a Mannlicher-type clip fed internal magazine (as shown above).
That is, you take a clip that holds 6 rounds, push it into the magazine until an internal latch grips it (as shown in Loading 1).
As you work the bolt, the follower pushes the next round up for the bolt.
The clip falls out of the magazine when the last round is chambered (as shown in  Loading 2).

CARCANO MODEL 1891 RIFLE
Cal. 6.5x52 mm


Rear sight blades: M 1891 from 600 metres to 2000 metres

 

CARCANO MODEL 1891 CARBINE
Cal. 6.5x52 mm


 


 
 

Carcano M.1891 TS
Cal. 6.5x52 mm

Carcano M.1891 TS carbine, which was issued to Truppe Speciali.
Detailed Pictures here.

 
 

Carcano M.1891/24 TS Carbine
Cal. 6.5x52 mm

Carcano M.1891/24 TS carbine, which was issued to Truppe Speciali.
This model of the carbine was produced from existing M.1891 rifles from the time of the Great War.
The carbine displays an arsenal name and a date of production on the chamber, "Terni 1917", as well as a modification cartouche,
"FARE 25 TERNI" (converted to M.91/24 TS at Terni in 1925). This model of Carcano was built in 6.5 mm caliber with progressive rifling.

 
 

Carcano M.1891/28 TS Carbine
Cal. 6.5x52 mm

Carcano M.1891/28 TS carbine, which was issued to Truppe Speciali.
This is basically M.1891 TS carbine upgraded to M.1891/28 TS configuration.
The carbine displays an arsenal name and a date of production on the chamber,
"Brescia 1918". This model of Carcano was built in 6.5 mm caliber with progressive rifling.

 
 
 

CARCANO MODEL 1891/38 SHORT RIFLE

Caliber: 7.35 mm and 6.5x52 Carcano
System of operation: Turn Bolt
Lenght overall: 40.15 inches
Barrel lenght: 22.15 inches
Feed device: 6 rounds, integral clip-loaded box magazine
Sight:Front: Barley corn
Sight:Rear: Fixed notch sight
Weight: 8.11 lb
Muzzle velocity: Approximately 2475 f.p.s.

Converted by the Fabrica Nazionale d'Armi, Terni, 1939-40. The 1938-pattern rifle was initially made by converting surviving 1891 guns.
A selection of new parts was needed- from the barrel and bolt to the bands and stock-and a new folding-blade knife bayonet appeared.

The Carcano Model 38 was originally chambered in Cal. 7.35 carcano.

This Carcano Model 1891-38 was chambered in Cal. 6.5 carcano at the beginning
of WW2, when plans to adopt the 7.35 mm caliber were dropped.

Close-up of the special clip used in the Carcano rifles, the clip was loaded inside
the magazine and ejected when empty from a hole in the bottom of the magazine.


 
 

CARCANO MODEL 1891/41
Cal. 6.5x52 mm


The M91/41 buttplate is slightly flatter than the M1891 and curves around the upper side of the buttstock,
so the upper screw enters from above, vertically.


Close-up of the special clip used in the Carcano rifles, the clip was loaded inside
the magazine and ejected when empty from a hole in the bottom of the magazine.


Rear sight blades: M 91/41 from 300 metres to 1000 metres

 
 
 

M1891/41 Target Rifle
Cal. 6.5x52 mm

M.1891/41 was the last model of Mannlicher Carcano infantry rifle.
The rifles with double set triggers were built for the military target shooting.
They were still used in both, national and international shooting matches in the 1960-s.
The arsenal markings are stamped on the back of the barrel, "A Royal Army Crown over FAT 41" (Terni arsenal, 1941).
This model of Carcano rifle was built still in 6.5 mm caliber, but with constant pitch rifling.
Detailed Pictures Here

 
 
 

Carcano M1938/43 Short Rifle
7.92 mm Mauser

Carcano M.1938/43 short rifle in 7.92 mm Mauser caliber.
These rifles were reportedly manufactured at Armaguerra Arms Factory in Cremona in 1944
for the Italian forces still fighting alongside the Germans.

 
 
 
 
 

Oswald's Rifle
Article on Oswald's Rifle
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