Ruger Mini 14
The first major modification to the Mini-14 family appeared in 1978, when Ruger introduced an all-stainless version of the basic rifle. Until now, all Ruger Mini-14 rifles are available either in carbon or stainless steel versions. In around 1982 Ruger introduced its next civilian modification of the Mini-14, known as the "Ranch" rifle. This version was optimized for use with telescope sight, and thus was produced with integral scope bases on receiver. Ejection mechanism was changed to eject spent cases to the right side, clear of the scope, and rear sight was fitted on the folding base. In 1986, Ruger introduced a Mini-30 rifle, which was same basic weapon but adapted to 7,62x39 M43 ammunition of Russian origin. Next change in the Mini-14 line-up appeared as late as in 2005, when Ruger company introduced a new version of the Mini-14, which incorporated integral scope bases of the earlier "Ranch" rifles with protected front sight and non-folding diopter rear sight, which has smaller mount that of previous rifles. Most current additions to the Mini-14 rifle family are the Mini-14 Target rifle, which is optimized for accuracy and use of optical sights, and the all-stainless Mini-14 in the new 6,8x43 Remington SPC caliber which has less recoil than 7,62x39 but offers better terminal effectiveness than 5,56 / .223.
In general, Mini-14 rifles are known for their good reliability and durability. Accuracy is usually quoted as somewhat inferior to AR-15 (M16)-type weapons, which are very popular in USA, but this may change with recent introduction of Mini-14 Target model. \Despite some claims, Ruger Mini-14 rifles are accurate enough for most purposes, and quite reliable and durable, being excellent weapons for hunting, home defense, and general plinking.
Ruger Mini-14 is gas operated, semi-automatic only weapon
which uses Garand-type rotary bolt with two lugs. Action is operated by
the long-stroke gas piston, which is located below the barrel and is concealed
within forend of the stock. The gas piston has cup-shaped head, and is
linked to the bolt via Garand-type operating rod which runs at the right
side of the weapon. Manual safety also patterned after M1 Garand or M14
rifle, and is located at the front of the triggerguard. Standard stock
of the Mini-14 is of single-piece type, with semi-pistol grip and separate
heatshiled above the barrel. Early Mini-14 rifles had wooden heatshileds
which exposed operating rod; current production civilian guns feature polymer
heatshields which cover most of the operating rod. Over the time, Ruger
also produced a folding-stock versions with wooden stock, plastic pistol
grip and side-folding metallic shoulder stock. Ruger also makes "all-weather"
polymer stocks for Mini-14 and Mini-30 rifles. It also must be noted that
there are many aftermarket stocks for Mini-14 rifles.
3. Pull the slide handle all the way to the rear and release.
Put safety "ON" (Figure Below).
4. Use a 1/4" diameter steel rod, punch, screwdriver shank,
or other suitable instrument to
5. Remove trigger group (Figure Below).
6. Remove barrel / receiver asssembly from stock(Figure Below).
7. Remove recoil spring guide and recoil spring (Figure Below).
CAUTION: The recoil spring is heavily compressed--use
care when disassembling and reassembling to
8. Pull slide handle to the rear. Align locking projections
on slide with
9. Pull the bolt forward until it can be pivoted out of
receiver. Align firing pin projection with
Further disassembly of the Mini-14 Rifle is not required
for normal cleaning purposes and should only be performed
The .223 (5.56mm) caliber cartridge used in the Mini-14
Rifle has a very high velocity and flat trajectory. Generally, if the rifle
is sighted in to hit the point of aim at a distance of 200 yards, no change
in point of aim or sight adjustment is needed to keep all shots within
a 9 inch circle at all ranges from 0 to 300 yards.
To move the point of impact to the right - turn adjustment
counterclockwise. To move the point of impact to the left--turn adjustment