Model 1916 Newton Rifle
Model 1922 Newton Rifle

Model 1924 Newton Rifle
from The American Rifle by 
 Townsend Whelen
This is a bolt action rifle, quite similar to the Mauser rifle, but with a number of important improvements which fit it more particularly for sportsman's use. It is essentially a sportsman's weapon intended for large game shooting. It differs from the Mauser in the following points: Instead of having solid locking lugs at the head  of the bolt, the Newton has lugs of the interrupted screw type, quite a little stronger than the solid lugs, but more liable to accumulate dirt. The safety is placed on the side of the sleeve instead of on top, and more readily operated than is the Mauser type. Then in the safe position the thumb piece stands vertical, and is moved to ready by turning it to the rear so that it stands 45 degrees below the horizontal. The bolt handle turns well down at the side of the stock and is more refined in shape. The bolt stop is very ingeniously
arranged and is operated by the front trigger. Pulling the trigger to the rear when starting to open the bolt operates the stop so that the bolt can be withdrawn completely from the receiver. 

The magazine floor plate is hinged at the front end, and retained in position by a spring stud in rear. When the floor plate is open it acts as a screw-driver for the front take-down screw. Turning the floor plate around unscrews this screw. The tang screw in rear of the trigger guard is then unscrewed and the stock and magazine separate from the barrel and receiver, permitting the rifle to be packed in small space. Provided the screws are always kept screwed up very tight, this method of take-down is not open to the same objections as all other methods of take-down, as it is really only a removal of the stock. 

The rifle has double set triggers that are much more reliable than those usually seen. The regular length of barrels is 24 inches. The whole arm is well proportioned, well balanced, and light.

     The Newton rifle is adapted to the .22-. .256-, .3O-, and -35-caliber Newton high-power cartridges, and to the .3O-caliber Model 1906 cartridge. These are all cartridges of very high intensity, and of extremely high velocity. The magazine will hold but three of the .30 and .35 Newton cartridges, and five of the others.

The rifling is what is known as segmental, a modification of the English Metford rifling, the corners of the lands and grooves being rounded instead of square. The rifling cutter is made with its edge ground on an arc of a circle having a shorter radius than that of the bore. The advantages that the manufacturers claim for this system of rifling are far greater ease of cleaning, greater durability, increased accuracy, and less strain on the bullet jackets in firing. I will acknowledge the first and last advantages, but I am not so sure of the durability. There would seem to be more liability of the bullet to ride up on the inclined surface of the rounded lands, and thus to increase the friction.

The stock is of very good shape and design, and has a well-shaped pistol grip. The butt plate is of steel, not^ checked to prevent slipping and is not placed on the stock at the right angle, the measurement from trigger to toe being greater than the distance from trigger to heel, and in consequence there is a tendency for the butt to slip down on the shoulder during rapid fire.

It takes considerable time to perfect a new arm so that it is as satisfactory as can be made, considering the design. It is a very rare thing to find that a new arm, assembled entirely from the inventor's design, will work satisfactorily at the start. A long time, sometimes as much as a year, must be devoted to smoothing down, finding the weak parts and rectifying them, and making the arm thoroughly reliable in every respect. Thus the large arms companies usually keep a new arm in their shops for a number of months to thoroughly standardize it before they put it out to the trade. All this takes capital and experienced workmen, which a concern just starting seldom has. The new concern must start to realize on their capital as soon as possible. Thus the Newton Arms Company seems to have been obliged to place some of their product on the market before it was thoroughly standardized. As a consequence we find that many of their earlier rifles may require considerable smoothing off and adjustment before they will operate satisfactorily. It is of course to be expected that as the firm and its workmen gain more experience these faults in standardization will be corrected. In fact I have before me now (March, 1918) a rifle which has just come  through the factory in which this seems to have been done, as it works smoothly and easily, handles its cartridges correctly, and the parts seem to be in proper adjustment.

In regard to accuracy of the various cartridges, the reader should refer to these particular cartridges in Chapter XI.  Up to the time of going to press the Newton Arms Company have not completely developed their .22 Newton and ,35 Newton Cartridges.

     These rifles are of the bolt action magazine type and may be used either as a single loader or a magazine rifle.

     To use as a single loader raise the bolt handle, which cocks the arm; draw the bolt handle to the read until 
checked by the bolt stop; place a cartridge on the magazine follower in front of the bolt or push it forward into 
the chamber; push the bolt forward and turn it down into place.  The gun is then loaded, cocked and ready to fire.

     To use as a magazine rifle withdraw the bolt to its full length ntil checked by the bolt stop; fill the magazine 
with cartridges by placing them in the magazine throat in front of the bolt and pressing them down until caught 
by the magazine throat.  Clips, the same used in the US Springfield army rifle may be used with the .22-caliber, 
256 Newton and .30 USG cartridges, and in such case place the clip in the clip-way, press down with the thumb 
on the upper cartridge and the entire clip full of cartridges strips down into the magazine.  Pushing the bolt forward 
into position and turning down the bolt handle will then remove the upper cartridge from the magazine into the 
chamber and the rifle is ready for firing. If desired to carry a full magazine as well as the rifle loaded, after the
magazine is filled press another cartridge upon the upper cartridge in the magazine, pressing the fifth cartridge 
down sufficiently far that it clears the bolt, and the bolt will then shove the extra cartridge into the chamber. This 
leaves the magazine completely filled and a loaded cartridge in the barrel.

In firing if it is desired to use a set trigger first draw the rear trigger backward until it catches. A very light touch 
on the front trigger will then serve to discharge the weapon. If the rear trigger be not drawn back pressing the front 
trigger fires the weapon the same as with a single trigger rifle.

The use of the safety. The safety is located on a shaft at the upper rear right hand corner of the sleeve, the shaft 
going transversely through the sleeve. When in firing positmn the safety is to the rear and pointing 45 degrees 
below the horizontal. When carrying the rifle at safe turn the safety leaf into a vertical position. The proper position 
can be felt as there is a spot on the shaft which is engaged by a poppet. In this position the firing pin is locked back 
and the bolt is locked against rotation. To permit the bolt to rotate while the firing pin is locked move the safety 
forward until it is 45 degrees above the horizontal where another stop can be felt as engaged by the poppet. This 
permits free rotation of the bolt yet the
firing pin is locked.

For carrying in a scabbard or where the safety is exposed to undue danger of being accidentally moved, push the 
safety leaf forward until it- points directly ahead. In this position the bolt handle is locked against rotation and the 
firing pin locked. The safety can be brought from this position back to the firing position either by completing the
rotation past the lower side of the bolt or by reversing the movement by which it was put on.

To remove the bolt from the arm turn up the bolt handle and draw backward on the bolt, at the same time pressing 
backward on the front trigger. The backward pressure on the front trigger causes the forward portion of the sear to 
rise up and engage a detent finger on the lower side of the bolt stop, which is located under the rear receiver bridge. 
This prevents the bolt stop from rising and permits withdrawing the bolt completely from the rifle. This pressure on 
the trigger and consequent action of the sear must be applied before the  bolt stop has entered mto the notch of the
lower side of the bolt, as the trigger has no power to draw the bolt stop down, once it has risen, but merely holds it 
down if caught before it has risen at all.

To take down the arm for carrying press in the magazine floor plate catch immediately in front of the trigger guard 
until it releases the rear end of the magazine floor plate, which is thrown down by the pressure of the magazine spring; 
swing the floor plate, which is pivoted in the front receiver screw nut, down to its lower position, and, using it as a 
lever, unscrew the nut off the front receiver screw and the barrel will unhook and barrel and receiver together tip 
upward and off the stock, leaving the guard with trigger mechanism, magazine, etc., with the stock. Press the forearm 
screw nut up into the guard forging at its front end until it is flush, then press the magazine floor plate up close against 
the magazine until it is caught by the magazine floor plate catch. The rifle is then ready for the case.

To dismount the bolt cock the rifle by raising the bolt handle and turning it down again into place. Turn the safety up 
and forward until at an angle of 45 degrees in front of the perpendicular. This will permit the bolt handle to rotate while 
the firing pin is locked. Raise the bolt handle and withdraw the bolt completely from the rifle. The sleeve may then be
unscrewed from the bolt by rotating it from left to right, as it is a left hand screw.

To dismount the sleeve: Remove the bolt and remove the sleeve from the bolt as above stated. Throw the safety back
to the firing position, which is to the rear and 45 degrees below the horizontal, which relieves the strain on the main spring.
Rest the point of the firing pin upon some hard substance and press the sleeve forward, thus compressing the main spring 
until the V-shaped projections on the sides of the firing pin nut are clear of their seats in the cocking head. Unscrew the 
firing pin nut from the rear end of the firing pin. This separates the firing pin, main spring, cocking head and firing pin nut 
from the sleeve proper.

To dismount the safety mechanism: Having dismounted the sleeve as last above described, turn the leaf of the safety 
until it projects directly to the rear and pull it out to the right. The sleeve locking bolt with its spring and the poppets bearing 
against the safety and rear end of the bolt, with their springs, may then be pushed out with a match or other small drift.

To remove the guard fore/ing: Unscrew the rear receiver screw immediately to the rear of the trigger guard and the front 
guard screw and this forging may then he either drawn out from the bottom or pushed down from the top.

To remove the rear tang from the stock: tFirst remove the rear receiver screw, then unscrew the rear tang screw running 
from the center of the pistol grip cap into the rear end of the rear tang until it is free of the tang, then press upward on the 
end of this screw and it will force the rear tang upward and out of ids seat in the stock. 

To remove the extractor from the bolt remove the bolt from the rifle. Turn the extractor around to that side of .the holt
which is to be left when the bolt is in position and to the bottom when it is being withdrawn. This will free the jaw of the 
extractor from the groove next the bolthead. Push the extractor forward and it will slide off the bolt. 

To assemble the rifle reverse the operations of dismounting. 

Newton's Rarest Models
Model 1914 German Import Group
from Lawrence Wales Website
The history of the Model 1914 Newton rifles of the first German import contract is very incomplete. These rifles could have been made by several German gun makers, including Mauser, Sauer and Haenel. They would be calibered in .256 Newton or one of the calibers developed by Newton and Fred Adolph, a gunsmith from Genoa, New York. The Adolph calibers would be .30, 8mm, .33 or .40 Adolph. It is not documented which of the pictured variations were imported. The rifles made in the Adolph calibers were probably made by Fred Adolph and not imported in those calibers. One shipment made up of 2 or 3 variations of Mauser rifles was imported by Newton, all in .256 Newton caliber. The Haenel style may have been rebarreled to .256 Newton in the US under the direction of Charles Newton.

Model 1914 A Newton Rifle

Model 1914 ZB Newton Rifle

Model 1914 C Newton Rifle

Model 1914 D Newton Rifle

Model 1914 Gr A Newton Rifle

Model 1914 Gr B Newton Rifle