Whitney Arms Company
The Whitney Arms Company was established by Eli Whitney, who sought to create a more accurate musket that would still be durable enough for use by soldiers. He located the plant on both sides of the Mill River. Though founded in 1798, operations were still small at the time of Whitney's death in 1825. The factory was eventually handed down to Whitney's son, Eli Whitney, Jr., who ran the company for much of the nineteenth century. In 1888, the Whitney Arms Company was sold to the Winchester Repeating Arms Company.

Longguns Below
Pistols Here

Eli Whitney U.S. Contract 1812 Flintlock Musket, State of New York Issue
.69 caliber,
42-inch barrel marked at breech with P and SNY stamps;
flint lock marked N. HAVEN in banner.
Oil-stained walnut stock with SP/V cartouche on left side opposite lock. 


U.S. Whitneyville First Type Model 1861 Percussion Navy (Plymouth) Rifle,
with Saber Bayonet

Serial no. 4859; .69 caliber,
34-inch barrel; lock and barrel breech dated 1863;
barrel breech marked FCW on left side, V/P/[eaglehead] on left angle flat; 4859 on upper tang;
lock with large eagle and shield motif and U.S./WHITNEY-VILLE forward of hammer.
Oil-stained walnut stock with HW inspector cartouche on left side opposite lock. US on heel of buttplate.
Saber bayonet marked COLLINS & CO./HARTFORD/CONN on ricasso; 2510 on top of brass grip.

Cal. 58. 33” rnd bbl.
Lockplate is marked “E.WHITNEY / US” in front of hammer and “N.HAVEN / 1853” vertically at the rear.
Bbl tang is dated 1853 also. Bbl has been bored to 58 cal. and has the three-blade rear sight of the Colt conversions.
It also has a ring adapter for a bayonet.

Rolling Block Rifles

Whitney-Laidley Rolling Block Infantry Rifle

Whitney-Laidley Baby Saddle Ring Carbine

Whitneyville Armory Style II Rolling Block


From 1878 to 1882  Whitney contracted with Burgess to build the levergun under Burgess and Morse patents,
 with a total production of less than 3000.
These were made in .45-70 caliber.

Whitney called the gun the "Burgess Repeating Rifle."
It never became a popular selling gun.

Experimental Whitney, G.W. Morse and A. Burgess Patent Lever Action Carbine
with  Locking Switch, from the Winchester Model Room and Museum

Whitney-Kennedy Lever Rifles

Made from 1879 to 1886, this levergun was produced in 2 frame sizes:

    *      Small Frame - .32-30, .38-40, .44-40
    *      Large Frame - .40-60, .45-60, .45-75, .50-90.

The rifle was an outgrowth of and an improvement upon the Burgess design.
However it still was not as popular as the Marlin or Winchester leverguns.

SN 1533
Whitney-Scharf Lever Rifles
Another with detailed Pictures here

Produced from 1886 to 1888, the Whitney-Scharf levergun was a last effort by Whitney.

The previous Whitney leverguns did not sell well. In an effort to revive the company Whitney began building guns on the William C. Scharf patent of 1886.
The rifle was a very fine design, but came along too late to save the company. Whitney sold out to Winchester in 1888.

Produced in .32-20, .38-40, .44-40

Whitney Arms Phoenix Rifle, .45 caliber

Cal. .45/70. SN 3194. 35" rnd bbl. No markings except caliber markings on top of bbl.

SN 745C. Cal. 44 Rimfire. Bbl length: 24-1/2”.
Marked “MANUF’D. FOR-HOWARD-BROS.-BY-WHITNEY-ARMS-CO.-WHITNEYVILLE-CONN.” on the right side of the bbl.
“C. HOWARD PATENTED.SEPT. 26 &OCT 10.1865-OCT. 28 1862” on the left.
Rear sight has a folding leaf but no slide. Dovetailed front sight is a solid block.
Another with detailed pictures

Cal. 38 RF.
Serial number not visible. Rare & unusual dropping block rifle, one of less than 200,
with 28" medium weight rnd bbl, tiny front sight and fixed rear sight with maker's name & address above the rear sight.
It has an unusual bottom opening breechblock with rim fire and center fire capability. It is secured with a latch & ring which,
when opened, exposes the chamber for loading & unloading.  It has a manual extractor on the bottom of the bbl.
It is mounted with slab-sawed straight grip stock & tiny round forearm with metal band secured with one screw and has a smooth carbine style buttplate.

Cal. 38. 28" rnd bbl.
Marked "WHITNEY-ARMS-CO.-WHITNEYVILLE.CONN." on top of the bbl and "J.W. COCHRAN. N. Y. PAT'D. / APRIL 4.1865 & FEB-Y. 20. 1866." on top of the breechblock. When the lever is pulled down the breechblock rises and the shell is loaded from the bottom. While the breechblock is open the lever on the right side of the triggerguard is pushed down to eject the case.